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Hematology Analyzer Machine:Its Working principle, Uses and Price

Heamtology Analyzer working principle

Ever wondered what happens to your blood sample after a checkup? A key player behind the scenes is the hematology analyzer. This medical marvel automates the process of counting and identifying your blood cells, giving doctors a vital glimpse into your health. From routine blood work to complex diagnoses, hematology analyzers play a crucial role in keeping you healthy.

Hematology Analyzer

A hematology analyzer, also known as a CBC or complete blood count machine, is the most important equipment in a medical laboratory. This equipment measures and assesses the elements of blood: red and white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin, and hematocrit. These measurements are crucial for the diagnosis of conditions, patient monitoring, and guiding the choice of therapy.There exist two major types of hematology analyzers: 3 part and 5 part hematology analyzers.

A 3 part hematology analyzer is a standard model in which the classification of white blood cells is into three types: lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes. Generally, most of the small laboratories use 3-part hematology analyzers because of their ease of handling and cost.

On the other hand, the5 part hematology analyzer focuses deeper into categorizing blood cells and identifies five different types of white blood cells as follows: neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.

This technology is considered a fully automatic hematology analyzer and can be applied in bigger medical facilities, because the results are more elaborate and thus it is good for more complicated diagnostic needs.

Hematology Analyzer Working Principle

The working principle of a hematology analyzer depends on the type and technique of the device. Here is a brief overview of how each technique works:

Electrical impedance: This technique uses an electric current to detect the presence and size of the cells as they pass through a small opening (orifice) in a container filled with an electrolyte solution. The cells cause a temporary change in the electrical resistance of the solution, which is measured and converted into cell counts and volumes. This technique can differentiate between RBCs, WBCs,

Flow cytometry: This technique uses a laser beam to illuminate the cells as they flow through a narrow channel (flow cell) in a fluid stream. The cells scatter the light in different directions and intensities depending on their shape, structure, and composition. The scattered light is detected by sensors at various angles and converted into signals that indicate the cell type and properties. This technique can differentiate between different types of WBCs (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils) based on their granularity, diameter, and inner complexity.

Hematology Analyzer Uses

Hematology analyzers are very critical to the medical diagnosing process, and they do execute so many important functions. Here are five key uses:

1. Disease Diagnosis: Diagnose and identify a range of conditions, including anemia, infection, and leukemia, in blood analysis component levels.

2. Monitoring: Monitor the course of disease and treatment over time, particularly in diseases with a chronic course, such as sickle cell disease and other hematological disorders.

3. Blood Count: Perform full blood count tests, with comprehensive reports on red cells, white cells, platelet counts, and hemoglobin levels needed for routine health checkups.

4. Therapeutic Monitoring: Blood cells and their functions are routinely measured to monitor the efficacy of the treatments given, such as chemotherapy or other drug therapies.

5. Research Applications: Helps in medical research as the availability of precise counts and classifications in blood cells thus facilitating further advancements in studies in hematology and other medical research.

Hematology Analyzer Price in India

3-Part Hematology Analyzers price

Approximate Price Range: ₹2,10,000 to ₹2,75,000 per piece

The fully automatic 3-part hematology analyzers offer an economical solution for clinical settings, providing key functionalities to analyze white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. These systems are ideal for small to medium-sized labs looking for cost-effective options.

5-Part Hematology Analyzers price

Approximate Price Range: ₹3,00,000 to ₹5,00,000 per piece

The fully automatic 5-part hematology analyzers deliver a more comprehensive cell count, including individual counts for five different types of white blood cells. They are perfect for larger laboratories or hospitals needing extensive and high-volume analysis capabilities.

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